Heart Safe Foods
FEEDING A PET WITH HEART DISEASE

The purpose of a special heart diet for your pet is the same as it is with human patients - to provide foods containing only very small amounts of sodium (salt). Sodium tends to make the body retain water, and this can place additional strain on the already weakened heart. Most commercial dog foods are well balanced and nutritious for normal dogs, but can contain too much sodium for the heart patient. Since the low-sodium diet can extend your pet's lifetime and decrease the amounts of heart medication needed, it is advantageous to feed your pet accordingly.

THERE ARE TWO WAYS TO FEED A PET WITH HEART PROBLEMS:

  1. Use a specially prepared prescription diet - MODIFIED (heart diet) prepared by Select Care pet foods.
  2. Formulate a low-sodium diet "from scratch" at home.

Occasionally, dogs will not eat anything other than the foods that they are used to. Try to encourage him to try the new diet. You can mix small amounts of his regular diet with the heart diet - this is not perfect, but it does help somewhat.

GENERAL GUIDELINES:

  • Use NO salt in food or cooking.
  • Milk products are generally high in sodium.
  • Canned, frozen and prepared foods are often high in sodium.
  • Fresh meats are usually low in sodium.
  • All shellfish and prepared foods are usually high in sodium.
  • The maximum sodium intake per pound of body weight should be 6 mg. daily.
  • An average daily intake of calories may be 30 to 40 calories per pound of body weight.

FOODS NOT ALLOWABLE (HIGH IN SALT):

1

Cereals

all (except puffed wheat), all breads.

2

Snacks

milk, sherbet, ice cream, puddings, gelatin dessert, salted crackers, baking soda or powder products.

3

Meat, Fish, Poultry

luncheon meats, frankfurters, dried beef, sausage, sweetbreads, brains, kidney.  Also, clams, crab scallops, lobster, fish fillets, cured meats such as ham, bacon, smoked pork, or corned beef.

4

Cheese and Milk

all, except unsalted cottage cheese or low-sodium cheddar.

5

Fats

salted butter or margarine.  Fat from salted meats.

6

Vegetables

fresh artichokes, beets, carrots, celery kale, spinach, chard, and turnips.  All canned types, unless marked "salt free".

7

Seasoning

all mixed salts.

8

Condiments

catsup, chili sauce, soy sauce, mustard, horseradish or steak sauce

9

Miscellaneous

all salted nuts, potato chips, pretzels, olives, relish, pickles, molasses, brown sugar, peanut butter, candy, pudding, and glazed fruits.

The mainstays of a good low sodium diet may be fresh beef, pork or chicken, along with a bland macaroni and/or low-salt vegetables.  A vitamin - mineral supplement is helpful. DO NOT GIVE COMMERCIAL "DOGGIE SNACKS".

FOOD GROUPS -  Sodium and Caloric content

Food Group

Amount

Sodium (mg)

Calories

Breads and Cereals

 

 

 

    Polished rice

1/2 cup

1 - 10

360

    Macaroni

1 cup

1 - 10

465

    Puffed Wheat

1 oz

1 - 10

100

    Spaghetti

1 cup

1 - 10

355

    Bread

1 slice

200

60

Margarine and Oil

 

 

 

    Unsalted margarine

1 tsp

0  - 1

50

    Vegetable shortening

1 tbsp

0  - 1

120

    Mayonnaise

1 tbsp

60 - 90

110

Products

 

 

 

    Milk (regular)

1 cup

122

160

    Milk (skim)

1 cup

122

90

    Cream cheese

1 1/2 oz

100 - 200

160

    Cottage cheese

3 oz

200 - 300

90

    American cheese

1 oz

200 - 300

105

    Butter

1 tsp

50

50

Meats, Poultry and Fish

 

 

 

    Beef (fresh)

3 1/2 oz

50

200

    Pork (fresh)

3 1/2 oz

62

275

    Lamb (fresh)

3 1/2 oz

84

175

    Veal

3 1/2 oz

67

300

    Chicken (no skin)

 

 

 

      Light meat

3 1/2 oz

64

180

      Dark meat

3 1/2 oz

86

180

    Turkey

 

 

 

      Light meat

3 1/2 oz

82

230

      Dark meat

3 1/2 oz

98

230

    Egg

1

70

80

    Bacon

2 slices

385

95

    Ham

3 oz

940

225

    Frankfurter

1

560

125

Vegetables (Fresh / Dietetic Canned)

 

 

 

    Asparagus

1/2 cup

5

20

    Green Beans

1/2 cup

5

15

    Peas

1/2 cup

5

55

    Green Pepper

1/2 cup

5

10

    Tomato

1

5

30

    Lettuce

1/4 head

5

15

Fruits

MOST ARE LOW IN SODIUM

Desserts

 

 

 

    Sherbet

1/2 cup

15 - 25

120

    Gelatins

1/2 cup

60 -85

50 - 80

    Ice Cream

1/2 cup

60 - 85

200

    Puddings

1/2 cup

100 - 200

175

Good Low Sodium seasonings --- Adolf's Salt Substitute, Honey, Garlic powder.

Good Low Sodium snack: --------Nabisco shredded wheat, Quaker Oats puffed rice,
                                                             Matzo(unsalted) Peanuts (unsalted, raw or roasted),
                                                             Almonds (unsalted), Popcorn (unsalted), Jellies & Jams
                                                             (no preservatives), Honey, Unsalted butter.

 

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